The Snap36 Blog
Product Photography Tips From Our Expert Photographers
We regularly receive an array of questions about our photography processes. From how we shoot certain products and styling advice to the proper cameras, lighting, and equipment. So we went straight to the experts — our very own Snap36 photographers!
Snap36 uses automated robotics to capture products from all angles, creating 360 degree and 3-dimensional imagery. But that doesn’t mean it’s easy. Attention to detail, styling, lighting, and problem-solving are critical for each spin set our team skillfully creates. We sat down with our photographers to learn their best tips and tricks for capturing the best quality photos. Here’s what they had to say.
How do you photograph a product that is shiny and reflective?
“When we’re shooting reflective objects we want the surface of the product to be as consistent as possible without harsh reflections. To achieve this, we want the area surrounding the object to be as uniform as possible; this usually involves using white cards and diffusion material to surround the workspace to soften the light.”
“I agree, I always place light diffusers on each side of the spin table and directly in front of the two front lights. Sometimes I also use a white bounce board with a circle cut out in front of the camera lens. That usually does the trick.”
What about translucent products?
“The way I address translucent products is by spinning to a lighter-toned gray background. From there, I place the black flags (also called curtains or cards) to the side of the product to give the item an edge. How close I place the black flags depends on the type of product material.”
“I try to get my black cards as close to the product as possible to form an edge. I make sure the backlight is bright enough to illuminate the product but not too bright to blow it out.”
How about white products on a white background?
“Flagging closely around the product to block the backlight is very important in order to maintain the product shape and a visible hard edge. Also turning the front lights down and shooting slightly darker will help. Using the color-dropper tool and monitoring where the white level is at is also helpful.”
“The Photorobot table we shoot on positions the product on a glass plate which separates it from the white background by some distance. This allows us to control the background’s exposure apart from the product’s, giving us more control than if the object were sitting directly on a white surface.”
Any tricks to create smooth highlights to keep the product looking good?
“Imaging the six sides of a CPG product plus three marketing images usually gives you an ideal overview of what the product is and should look like. A lot of food items also require the drug facts, nutrition facts, ingredients or supplement facts to be captured to get a clear understanding of the product. Every product comes with a barcode, which always needs to be added to the shot list, as well. Other products, depending on the client’s request, will need additional images or frames taken to show the 360 capability view to see all angles of the item.”
“When a packaging designer or even an industrial engineer is making a product, how it looks in camera is the last thing on their mind. Light reacts to different surfaces in different ways. Modifiers and adjusting our light angles and powers is the key. Sometimes we have to turn off our top light to avoid reflection or add more diffusion to reduce glare. Our robotic arm can sometimes get in the way as well and we can card that off.”
So then what’s the advantage of photographing different products in different ways? And what is your reasoning behind what you photograph and how you capture it?
“The key to creating smooth highlights is to use diffusion. My favorite diffusion is the roll that can be easily adjusted. The closer the diffusion is to the product, the softer the lighting will be and the smoother the highlights.”
“I agree, I use diffusion for this. Also, understanding the position of the light source helps!”
How many images are best to show off different products?
“I think the standard amount of frames we provide works best. Twenty-four frames per row really capture everything that is needed for the spin. More frames can make the spins smoother but can affect load times on a website. And not all products need 3 rows. If the top of the product doesn’t have information or visual importance, it’s not necessary for us to capture an angle that is high above.”
“Ideally, a client needs all sides of the object captured, as well as marketing views from an overhead angle. In my book, a 3×24 spin (72 still images) accomplishes this best and creates the online illusion of holding the product. I encourage all clients to have at least a range of 5 degrees to 45 degrees over the top to optimally showcase the product.”
How do cameras and lenses affect the overall image quality or experience?
“Higher-end cameras usually come with better specifications and more pixel ratio to play with. So you can benefit from that and generally get cleaner and less grainy shots. Regarding lenses, when using a macro lens (180 mm), you’ll get sharper image results on smaller sized products while using a wide-angle lens (24-105 mm) will enable you to capture larger products. It just depends on the size of the item; we always make sure that we’re using an appropriate lens for each specific product type.”
“A good camera allows us to function at a higher production rate. If the gear is right, there is less thinking and worrying if the item is going to look correct or be the appropriate dimension when submitting to the client.”
Do focal lengths matter?
“Focal length is very important for macro products (tiny products that must be shot with a 100mm or 180mm macro lens). For these products, it’s crucial that the photographer finds the focal point that the client requires. For example, if a small computer chip is on the table, does the client want the focal point to be the middle of the product? Maybe they want the small prongs towards the top of the product in focus instead. It’s especially important to communicate with the client on macro products.”
“The lens also makes a huge difference as we can get distortion or keystoning (when the image appears to lean away from the viewer) when using the telephoto lens at a wider focal length.”
What style of lighting best lends itself to 360 photography?
“We use a five-light setup which includes 2 front lights, a bottom light, a backlight, and a top light. All lights are softboxes which diffuse the lights. This setup works well for most products.”
“The best lighting is, unfortunately, the least glamorous. We use bright flat lighting with many flags surrounding the product to create separation from the background.”
Are there any techniques for odd-shaped products that won’t stand up on their own?
“We hang a lot of products in the studio that will not stand on their own. If it’s leaning, we add props underneath to straighten. This only works when the props are not blocking the actual product during the spin. If this occurs, we take reference images for retouching to properly remove the props.”
“Usually for products that can’t stand on their own like peg-able items such as toothbrushes, I’ll use a plastic see-through prop. For the GS1 board, we use a double-sided sticky tape to hold products in place, so that they don’t slide off the board while imaging the marketing shots. To hang products from above, we use fish lines to keep them stable.”
For spin photography, are there tricks in the capture process that can help lessen the amount of post-production and save overall cost?
“If you can shoot a product to a white background, retouching won’t have to clip it. Knowing how to properly adjust your back and bottom lights so you aren’t using too much light is crucial to obtaining a quality image without needing retouching. Typically, hanging products is better than using props because there is less potential for the product being blocked by propping. The fishing line usually blows out anyway, so it is easy to remove in post-production. Sometimes we will re-shoot frames that show reflections of the studio and try to use foam-core to cover the reflection.”
Do you have more questions about 360 degree photography for our experts? Contact us today, and we’ll put you in touch with our team!